‘President Carter was justified in saying that American was suffering a crisis of confidence in 1979.’ Assess the validity of this view.

Arguments against the statement… Affluence: Within the world, America remained one of the most affluent societies and most influential economic powers. Their GNP was higher than any of their nearest competitors and therefore it can certainly be argued that if we consider America’s position in the wider world, Carter was not justified in saying that…

‘Senator McCarthy was unfairly blamed for the Cold War hysteria of the Truman and Eisenhower years.’ Assess the validity of this view.

Introduction In the post war years, anti-communist sentiment in America increased rapidly. This has been dubbed ‘McCarthyism’, after Senator Joe McCarthy who famously carried out a communist ‘witch-hunt’ to root out subversives. Some historians would argue that he has been unfairly blamed for the hysteria which resulted as there are other factors which influenced public…

‘In comparison with the more traditional civil rights movement, the Black Power movement achieved little.’ Assess the validity of this view.

Introduction The civil rights movement evolved dramatically during the 1960s. This was influenced by the passage of legislation, a deterioration of urban ghettos and changes in leadership. Specifically, the 1960s saw the emergence of the Black Power movement which was far more militant in nature when compared with the traditional CRM. Overall, while the Black…

‘The Liberal Party were a “curious alliance” of several different political groups, which appeared unlikely to survive.’ Assess this view of the Liberal party in the 1850s and 60s (25)

Introduction Following the Repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846, the poltical landscape changed dramatically. The Liberal faction emerged which contained Whig, Peelite and Radical ministers which has led historians to term it a curious alliance. In reality, there were a lot of other factors which united them and the contextual factors meant that they…

‘Peel responded to the challenges of his age “by adapting his policies in the light of reasoned argument and practical necessity”‘. Assess the validity of this view.(25)

Introduction Peel dealt with the challenges of his time as leader of the opposition and as Prime Minister. These issues included the Irish question, government deficit, protection for workers and a fragile Conservative Party. Overall, on the issues which he knew best, the economy, he successfully adapted his policy in the light of reasoned argument…

‘It was the development of the railways that enabled Britain to experience an economic boom in the middle years of the 19th century.’ Assess the validity of this view. (25)

Introduction In the middle years of the 19th century the railway industry experienced a boom known as ‘Railway Mania’ This helped facilitate industrialisation during this period. However there were a number of other factors which contributed towards this including the iron and coal industry; international trade and government policy; agriculture and relative stability. Ultimately, it…

‘Improvements in agriculture played a crucial role in facilitating the expansion of industry and commerce in Britain by 1832’. Assess the validity of this view (25)

Introduction The agricultural industry experienced a number of changes from 1783-1832 which had an impact on the British economy. It was the early stages of the ‘Industrial Revolution’. There were however a number of other factors which influenced this growth in industry and commerce, which included government policy, cotton, steam power and iron and coal. Overall,…

‘The British government’s policies towards Ireland between 1846 and 1885 only worsened conditions for the Irish people’. Assess the validity of this view (25)

Introduction There were a number of issues which still existed in Ireland in the middle of the 19th century. These included religious inequality, political disenfranchisement, repeal and land inequality. The government responded to a variety of different pressures regarding these issues throughout the period. Although much of the government’s policy towards Ireland was ineffective in solving…