‘The Liberal Party were a “curious alliance” of several different political groups, which appeared unlikely to survive.’ Assess this view of the Liberal party in the 1850s and 60s (25)

Introduction Following the Repeal of the Corn Laws in 1846, the poltical landscape changed dramatically. The Liberal faction emerged which contained Whig, Peelite and Radical ministers which has led historians to term it a curious alliance. In reality, there were a lot of other factors which united them and the contextual factors meant that they…

‘Peel responded to the challenges of his age “by adapting his policies in the light of reasoned argument and practical necessity”‘. Assess the validity of this view.(25)

Introduction Peel dealt with the challenges of his time as leader of the opposition and as Prime Minister. These issues included the Irish question, government deficit, protection for workers and a fragile Conservative Party. Overall, on the issues which he knew best, the economy, he successfully adapted his policy in the light of reasoned argument…

‘It was the development of the railways that enabled Britain to experience an economic boom in the middle years of the 19th century.’ Assess the validity of this view. (25)

Introduction In the middle years of the 19th century the railway industry experienced a boom known as ‘Railway Mania’ This helped facilitate industrialisation during this period. However there were a number of other factors which contributed towards this including the iron and coal industry; international trade and government policy; agriculture and relative stability. Ultimately, it…

‘Improvements in agriculture played a crucial role in facilitating the expansion of industry and commerce in Britain by 1832’. Assess the validity of this view (25)

Introduction The agricultural industry experienced a number of changes from 1783-1832 which had an impact on the British economy. It was the early stages of the ‘Industrial Revolution’. There were however a number of other factors which influenced this growth in industry and commerce, which included government policy, cotton, steam power and iron and coal. Overall,…

‘The British government’s policies towards Ireland between 1846 and 1885 only worsened conditions for the Irish people’. Assess the validity of this view (25)

Introduction There were a number of issues which still existed in Ireland in the middle of the 19th century. These included religious inequality, political disenfranchisement, repeal and land inequality. The government responded to a variety of different pressures regarding these issues throughout the period. Although much of the government’s policy towards Ireland was ineffective in solving…

‘There was more continuity than change in the British economy in the years 1783-1812’. Assess the validity of this view. (25)

Introduction This period is often considered to be the beginnings of the industrial revolution in Britain. Overall, the British economy experienced a lot of change. However, the different aspects of economic development must be considered a change was not always experienced across all of the industries. The development of agriculture, transport, power, iron and coal and…

‘The hardships of the labouring classes in the years 1783-1812, as a result of industrialisation have been overstated’. Assess the validity of this view.

Intro During these years, Britain experienced the early years of its ‘industrial revolution’. This impacted the lives of people in Britain in many different ways, some of them positive and some of them negative. There were also other factors during this period that brought challenges. These include the Napoleonic Wars and the bad harvests. Overall, the…

To what extent did the Whig reforms of the 1830s address the problems faced by society as a result of industrialisation since c1800?

Introduction Following the Reform Act of 1832, there was an atmosphere under the Whig government of further measured reform. These were largely social and potentially resulted from popular pressure as the labouring classes had been excluded from the Reform Act 1832. Ultimately, although many of the reforms addressed issues highlighted by urbanisation this was too…

‘The wars with France in the years 1793 to 1812 had a greater effect on British society and the economy than they did on British politics.’ Assess the validity of this view.

Impacts on British Society War had encouraged more people to marry and at a younger age. This increased marital fertility. As a result there was a huge population boom as a result of war. Increased from 10.5 million (1801) to 12 million (1811) This resulted in a huge youthful population and ultimately had a negative…

“Industrialisation provided few benefits for the working classes in the period 1790-1830” Assess the validity of this view. (25)

Intro Industrialisation had continued since the previous century. Many of the changes benefited the middle classes far more that they benefited the poor. Throughout the period, the support for the poor was unable to function due to increased demand. Overall, the negatives of industrialisation throughout the period outweighed the positives. On the one hand, Industrialisation…