How far were Pitt’s Peacetime Reforms successful?

NATIONAL REVIVAL Pitt oversaw reforms in finance, trade and administration during peacetime. To a large extent they are considered successes. However there are some limitations. Financial Reforms Revision of the Sinking Fund Reduced the national debt by £10 million. Restored confidence in the national financial policies and promoted healthy economic recovery. The government debt stood…

To what extent did the ‘Industrial Revolution’ impact Britain socially?

Ways in which society was effected: Class Structure Working Conditions Standard of Living How did the Industrial Revolution impact Class Structure? The migration of workers from industrial centres disrupted the closeness of traditional rural life.  The middle classes became far wealthier with the entrepreneurial opportunities that Industrialisation presented them with. Traditionally well-off tradesmen expanded their…

To what extent did the ‘Industrial Revolution’ Impact Britain’s economy?

Areas that impacted Britain’s economy: The Cotton industry. The Coal and Iron industry The development of transport. The development of steam power technology. The ‘Agricultural Revolution’. How did the Cotton industry effect Britain’s economy? Moved away from traditional ‘Cottage Industry‘ using spinning wheels and hand-looms and working with wool and linen. This was usually carried…

To what extent was the Fair Deal successful?

In Truman’s State of the Union address in January 1949, he promised each and every American that they would get a ‘fair deal’ from their government. Here are the things that Truman tried to address in the Fair Deal: Education Decreasing Taxes Reducing Unemployment Social Security Minimum Wage Healthcare Housing Labour Relations Education National School…

To What Extent was Truman successful in addressing the USA’s domestic problems 1945-48?

POST-WAR RECONSTRUCTION/DOMESTIC POLICY Issues facing Truman: Managing labour relations Resolving the post-war housing crisis Taking control of the economy Managing post-war inflation Solving problems of unemployment and demobilisation Working with Congress Post-war Economic concerns: USA owed substantial sums in war-time loans totaling $36bn by European allies. Fear that the transition to a peace-time economy would…

Truman and Civil Rights – Key Facts

Key Revision Facts (THIS IS BY NO MEANS ALL OF WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW, IT IS TAKEN FROM THE SECTION ENTITLED ‘TRUMAN AND CIVIL RIGHTS’ ON THE A3 REVISION SHEET ON TRUMAN’S POST WAR RECONSTRUCTION. Name 2 African-American protest organisations active in the Truman era. – NAACP and CORE. How did these organisations protest…

How far were Civil Rights Successes a result of Campaign Groups?

NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured Peoples) Membership increased to 450,000 during the Second World War. Founded by WEB Du Bois During the 1950s, NAACP fought cases through the Supreme Court arguing that facilities did not adhere to the ‘separate but equal’ notion. 1939 established Legal Defence Fund which enabled them to hire the…

The Evolution of Civil Rights in America Throughout the 20th Century

Year Events 1909 -NAACP founded in Baltimore. 1910 –National Urban League formed by Dr George E. Haynes in New York alongside other black conservatives helping migrants to find housing, employment and education. 1915 -Hollywood Film Birth of a Nation sparks a revival of the Ku Klux Klan. 25th November (Thanksgiving)- 25,000 Klansmen paraded through Atlanta…

How far was the Second World War a Turning Point for African-Americans?

Yes, it was a turning point because… Triggered ‘Double V’ campaign led by A. Philip Randolph. Victory over fascism in Europe and racial injustice in USA. 1941 Roosevelt’s Exec Order 8802 (Prohibiting discriminatory employment practices in federal agencies, unions and industries contributing to the war effort). Controlled by Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). By 1950,…

To What Extent was Civil Rights Progress Achieved under the Truman Administration?

The President’s Committee on Civil Rights 1946 1946 Investigated attacks on returning black veterans. As a result,  ‘To Secure These Rights’ report produced, detailing reforming recommendations. Could only ever achieve limited success due to constant conflict with congress. The creation of the committee put civil rights on the legislative agenda. To Secure These Rights 1947…

To What Extent did the Problems Facing African-Americans Vary Regionally?

Social Status in the South Inferior Segregated buses (black section at the back of the bus or segregated carriages on trains) Water fountains and toilets allocated by race. Couldn’t dine in restaurants or eat using cutlery and plates that would later be used by white people. White people had more privileges. Social Status in the…

McCarthyism – Why was McCarthyism bad for the Truman Administration?

It was jumped on by the Republican congress. Republican McCarthy deliberately targeted the democrats which further divided their party as they were already split regionally (Dixiecrats, New Progressives) Because Truman couldn’t outwardly defend communism as it would stain his reputation, he was made to look soft on Communism. Showed Truman as a ‘dangerous Liberal’. Put…